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Infants’ ability to relate words to objects at 12 months linked to language skills at 18 months — ScienceDaily
Cognitive development is broadly defined as the process by which babies and young children learn about the world around them, and includes the acquisition of problem solving, memory, perception and, of course, language.
At 12 months old, your infant’s ability to group objects according to the names associated with them — as opposed to their appearance alone — offers a glimpse into how his or her vocabulary will develop by the time they are 18 months, Northwestern University researchers have found.
significant differences in both vocabulary and real-time language processing efficiency were already evident at age 18 months
By age 24 months, there was a six-month gap … in processing skills critical to language development.
Infants who heard more child-directed speech developed greater efficiency in language processing and learned new words more quickly. The results indicate that exposure to child-directed speech — as opposed to overheard speech — sharpens infants’ language processing skills, with cascading benefits for vocabulary learning.
This is a widely used programme for monitoring childhood development in American.
Source: Bright Futures
This American manual gives a list of assessment tools in the final appendix (p65) which includes the Ounce scale and ITFI which were not included/ reported on in the UCL paper.
1. Measures completed by parents
Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQ-3)
Parents’ Evaluation of Developmental Status (PEDS)
Parents’ Evaluation of Developmental Status – Developmental Milestones
2. Measures completed by professionals with involvement of parents
Child Development Inventory (CDI)
Child Development Review (CDR)
Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler development
3. Measures completed by Health professionals
Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL)
Battelle Developmental Inventory (BDI-2)
BDI-2 Screening Test
Brigance Early Childhood Screens
Griffiths Mental Development Scales
Schedule of Growing Skills (SGS-II)
“We found the cognitive benefits of bilingualism come much earlier than reported in previous studies.”